England are often called the inventors of the sport of cricket and they played in the first ever international cricket match against Australia at the Melbourne Cricket Ground. A few years later, the greatest cricket rivalry in international cricket started, aka the Ashes.
The England cricket team is governed by the English and Wales Cricket Board (ECB), which represents both England and Wales. Up until 1992 Scotland was also represented by ECB before it broke away to have its own board. Earlier, the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) used to govern English cricket before the ECB came into being in 1997.
The ECB also represents England at the International Cricket Council, and its job is to ensure that they earn money from the sale of tickets, sponsorship and TV broadcasting rights.
England, along with Australia, were the first two teams to become Test-playing nations and also became ICC members in 1909. Much like the first Test match, England also played the first ever ODI
against Australia in 1971 while featuring in their first T20I in 2005 against the side.
As of April 10, 2012, the English side is ranked number one in the Test world, but their ODI record isn’t too great, having never won the World Cup
. They have triumphed in the World T20 where they clinched their first title in 2010 in the West Indies. In the 50-overs World Cup, England have been runner-up thrice - in 1979, 1987 and 1992.
Some of the very prominent English cricketers include Alec Stewart, Graham Gooch, David Gower, Michael Atherton, Geoff Boycott, Ian Botham, Nasser Hussain, Andrew Flintoff and Andrew Strauss. Stewart has played the most number of Test matches, while Gooch has the most number of runs in the format. Collingwood has played most number of ODIs for his team while score the highest runs as well.